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TypeScript in React

Bansi Mangukiya

Mar 13, 2023

4 min readLast Updated Mar 13, 2023

React is a widely adopted JavaScript library used to build user interfaces, while TypeScript is a statically typed superset of JavaScript. The combination of these two technologies creates a potent development environment that brings together the advantages of both languages.

This guide will explore the benefits of using TypeScript with React and how to get started with a TypeScript React project.

Benefits of using TypeScript with React

  1. Type safety: TypeScript adds type safety to your code, reducing the chance of runtime errors and making it easier to catch bugs during development. This means that you can catch type mismatches during development, rather than at runtime, making it easier to debug and fix problems.
  2. Improved tooling: TypeScript provides better tooling and editor support, making it easier to write and maintain large applications. For example, with TypeScript, you get automatic type-checking and suggestions, as well as improved code navigation and refactoring.
  3. Improved documentation: TypeScript adds type annotations to your code, making it easier for other developers to understand and work with your code. This documentation is available at any time, even if the code is not running, making it easier for others to understand your code and make contributions.
  4. Better scalability: TypeScript allows large codebases to be organized and scaled in a maintainable way. By adding type annotations, you can structure your code into modules, interfaces, and classes, making it easier to manage, maintain and understand.

Getting Started with TypeScript and React

  1. Create a React project: To create a React project, you can use Create React App (CRA) with the TypeScript template. This will set up a new React project with TypeScript and all the necessary configurations, so you can start writing TypeScript code right away.

   npx create-react-app my-app --template typescript

  1. Configure your project: Next, you can configure your project by updating the tsconfig.json file to match your project’s needs. This file specifies the TypeScript compiler options, including the target language version and type declarations. Here you can set the compiler options, such as the target version of JavaScript you want to use, or the type of output you want.
  2. Define Types: In TypeScript, you can define types to describe the structure of your data, such as the structure of your React components and props. This helps to ensure that the data you pass between components are correctly typed, reducing the chance of runtime errors.

There are two ways to define types in TypeScript: Interface and Type.

The interface allows you to define a type with properties and methods and can be used to describe the structure of an object.

For example, the following interface defines the structure of a component’s props:

interface Props {
  title: string;
  description: string;

type allows you to define a type using a type alias, which is a shorthand for a more complex type. For example, the following type alias defines a type that is a tuple of a string and a number:

type User = [string, number];

Use TypeScript with React Components: To use TypeScript with React components, you need to define the props with a type and specify the component type. For functional components, you can use React.FC type, while for class components, you can use React.Component type.

For example, here's a functional component with a defined prop type:

interface Props {
  title: string;

const MyComponent: React.FC<Props> = ({ title }) => {
  return (

Utilize TypeScript with React Hooks: TypeScript can be used with React Hooks, allowing you to take advantage of the functionalities offered by Hooks while still having the type safety provided by TypeScript.

For example, here's a functional component that uses the useState Hook and has a defined prop type:

import React, { useState } from 'react';

interface Props {
  initialCount: number;

const Counter: React.FC<Props> = ({ initialCount }) => {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(initialCount);
  return (
      <p>Count: {count}</p>
      <button onClick={() => setCount(count + 1)}>Increment</button>
      <button onClick={() => setCount(count - 1)}> Decrement</button>

Necessary types in React TypeScript:

  1. React.FC: A type that represents a functional component in React.
  2. React.Component: A type that represents a class component in React.
  3. JSX.IntrinsicElements: A type that represents the intrinsic elements in JSX, such as div, h1, and p.
  4. React.ReactNode: A type that represents a React node, which can be a React element, string, or number.
  5. React.ReactElement: A type that represents a React element.
  6. React.CSSProperties: A type that represents the CSS properties that can be applied to a React component.
  7. React.Key: A type that represents the key prop in React, which is used to identify elements in a list for React’s virtual DOM optimization.
  8. React.Ref: A type that represents a reference to a DOM element in React.
  9. React.SyntheticEvent: A type representing a synthetic event in React, such as a click event or a change event.
  10. React.MouseEvent: A type representing a mouse event in React, such as a click event.
  11. React.ChangeEvent: A type that represents a change event in React, such as a change in the value of an input field.
  12. React.FormEvent: A type representing a form event in React, such as a submit event.


Using TypeScript with React provides type safety and helps you catch errors earlier in the development process. With the proper use of types, you can improve the quality of your code and make it easier to maintain and refactor in the future.

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